This is the most extensive report currently available on the use of law and policy to address the practice of female circumcision/female genital mutilation (fc/fgm. Female circumcision involves the surgical removal of all or part of a woman's clitoris the world health organisation (who) has classed this procedure as female genital mutilation (fgm) photo. Vice president of the figh academy dr mohamed iyaz abdul latheef has endorsed female genital mutilation in response to a question posed by a reader on mvislamqacom iyaz said several credible hadiths from the prophet mohamed demonstrated female circumcision is obligatory in islam. Circumcision resource center is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit educational organization with the purpose of informing the public and professionals about the practice of male circumcision. Right of reply: female genital mutilation, this is in response to the above article in which the writer argues in favour of the controversial topic of female circumcision advocating hoodectomy.
The issue of female genital mutilation (fgm) is no different fgm is practiced through much of northern africa, and parts of the middle east, and is a deeply entrenched cultural tradition however, this cultural tradition is not present within certain religious, ethnic, class, or racial lines rather, the practice spans all sorts of demographic. Were collected in countries where female genital mutilation is endemic: burkina faso, ghana, kenya, nigeria, senegal, and sudan however, many affluent countries, which are the destinations of refugees and economic migrants, are also likely to encounter women with complications of female genital mutilation. Given recent recognition of the horrific results of some forms of female circumcision, a reader happening upon this title might well dismiss shaye cohen's question with a sigh of gratitude that jews have had better sense than to circumcise (or excise) women.
Rather than a blanket ban on all types of female genital alterations, we advocate for lawful, culturally sensitive, reasoned, and dispassionate definition of and support for the prescribed and limited religious practice of female circumcision. Keywords: uganda - women - female genital mutilation (fgm) - female circumcision - sebei/sabiny - kapchorwa - legal provisions - state protection this response was prepared by the research & information services section of the. The variable effects of male and female genital surgeries are explored, and a scale of damage for male circumcision to complement the world health organization's categorization of female genital mutilation is proposed. In a joint letter, representatives of jewish communities and councils in denmark, norway, sweden, and finland warn iceland against becoming the only country to ban one of the most central, if not the most central rite in the jewish tradition, in modern times, urging it to follow norway, where right to circumcision is protected by law.
This week i did a post about a facebook page promoting female genital mutilation thanks to freedom of speech i am able to criticise the point of view expressed on that page yesterday i received a copy of an e-mail sent to one of our readers about their complaint about the page been removed, but. In recent years, egypt has stepped up anti-female genital mutilation efforts in response to several deaths blamed on the practice that involves the removal of part or all of the clitoris moderate clerics in the mostly muslim country have repeatedly declared the tradition un-islamic. Female genital mutilation/cutting refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of external portions of or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons the reasons given for conducting fgm/c encompass beliefs about health, women's sexuality, and community and adulthood initiation rites.
Female circumcision is a ritual cutting or alteration of the female genitalia and is most often performed on girls between the ages of four and ten years for cultural or religious reasons it is commonly performed by community members designated for the ritual, who are otherwise medically untrained individuals. Although sometimes referred to as female circumcision, the health implications of male circumcision and the procedures performed on girls and women are very different because male circumcision does not interfere with urination or sexual function, nor does it have the potential for causing lifelong pain and disability. The circumcision ritual is an enjoyable one, in which the girl is the centre of attention and receives presents and moral instruction from her elders it creates a bond between the generations, as all women in that society must undergo it and thus have shared an important experience. News about female genital mutilation, including commentary and archival articles published in the new york times.
Female circumcision reader response conn 1 jennifer conn professor michael hickman gwrtc 103 -sect 61 15 april 2013 reader response #3 though meyerhardt states that the opening account on female circumcision seemed amusing, i personally found it far more disturbing. Abstract: female genital mutilation/cutting (fgm/c) is a traditional practice in which the external female genitalia is partially or totally incised or excised for a non-therapeutic reason, usually without the consent of the individual. Female genital mutilation in france: a crime punishable by law - linda weil-curiel i don't know weil-curiel's work, but melching has been involved in a successful eradication program--where whole villages in senegal have publicly announced ending the practice and nnaemeka is a leading diaspora scholar. Supporters of female circumcision justify the practice on much of the same grounds that they support male circumcision, she says: the uncircumcised clitoris and penis are considered homologous aesthetically and hygienically: just as the male foreskin covers the head of the penis, the female foreskin covers the clitoral glans.
Introduction female genital cutting/mutilation (fgc/m), or circumcision as it was previously described 1, is held responsible for a multitude of health risksaccording to who, fgc/m is defined as all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons 2. The practice of female genital cutting, sometimes referred to as female circumcision and common in a number of african states, has attracted increasing attention in recent years and mobilized strong international opposition. As the renowned anti-fgm activist hanny lightfoot-klein has stated: 'the [main] reasons given for female circumcision in africa and for routine male circumcision in the united states are essentially the same.